Bett Williams's radio show Planet Juniper on KMDR FM in Madrid, New Mexico. Guest CAConrad reads work from his new book While Standing in Line for Death and favorite poems by the following poets: Tommy Pico, Truck Darling, Nat Raha, Sawako Nakayasu, Magdalena Zurawski, Joseph Ceravolo, Rod Taylor, Dawn Lundy Martin, Cedar Sigo, Lily Hoang, Ocean Vuong. There is also a mix of music between each poem, all songs and artists are acknowledged after each song.
10) Pitch Acceleration, or acceleration of f0 in octaves per second squared. Acceleration is the rate of change of pitch velocity, that is how rapidly the changes in pitch change, which we perceive as the lilt of a voice. Again, while we calculate the rate of change in speed with attention to direction—that is, whether pitch change is typically curving upward or curving downward —we compare pitch acceleration among speakers without regard to direction. This is also a very useful measure for expressivity. For this measure, Louise Glück (.54 octaves) and Dean Young (1.18 octaves) use the slowest pitch acceleration, while Wanda Coleman (2.28 octaves) and CA Conrad (2.18 octaves) use the fastest.
11) Pitch Entropy, or entropy for f0, indicating the predictability of pitch patterns. Entropy is an information theoretic measure of predictability (or strictly speaking, its opposite - unpredictability or disorder). Mathematically, if P(f) is the probability that a given talker uses a particular pitch frequency f, then entropy is given by the negative of the sum of all pitch probabilities times the log (base 2) of those pitch probabilities -��'P(f)*log2P(f). In this case, entropy quantifies how uniformly a speaker uses all possible pitches within +/-1 octave of their mean—that is, how unpredictable the pitch is. Staying narrowly close to the mean most of the time (even with high f0speed) gives low entropy (highly predictable). Using all pitches with equal probability gives high entropy (very unpredictable). For this measure, Claudia Rankine (2.36) and Jeffrey Yang (2.35) exhibit the lowest pitch entropy, while Wanda Coleman (4.25) and CA Conrad (4.09) exhibit the highest pitch entropy.
12) Dynamism. This is a composite measure, multiplying average pitch speed by average pitch entropy, and adding the average of syllabic and phrasal rhythmic complexity, with the terms weighted to have equal influence (dynamism = (abs(f0speed) * f0entropy) + (complexitySyllables+complexityPhrases)*.2195. This is a measure-in-progress, an attempt to put on a number on how predictable or repetitive a speaker's pitch, or intonation, and rhythmic patterns are. For this measure, Louise Glück (4.6) and Allen Ginsberg (5.35) exhibit the lowest dynamism, while Wanda Coleman (12.69) and CA Conrad (10.31) exhibit the highest. Judging tentatively from our Conversational-Dramatic example, Frank Bidart (9.39), a relatively high value for Dynamism may also be associated with a Dramatic style.
The Book of Conrad (Delinquent Films, 2016) is now streaming online at THESE LINKS: